News is information about events in the world that is reported through various media, such as newspapers, radio and television, or through internet sites. The events may be new, unusual, interesting, significant and about people.
Content and context: What makes up news can vary in different societies, because what is important to one society may not be to another. For example, if a farm wall collapses and kills a cow and a pig, that is a very interesting news story in one society, but not in another.
Good news stories often have a dramatic element and make clear who is good and who is bad. For example, a story about a robbery at a convenience store will tell people who was robbed (the bad guys) and who did the robbery (the good guys).
The audience: Knowing your target audience will help you decide what information to include in your article. It will also let you format an outline that will get the most relevant information to your readers as quickly as possible.
The decision to include information in a newspaper, TV news line-up, or on a news Internet site is made by people who work for a particular news organization. Depending on the medium, these are called editors or news directors.
These are the people who take recommendations from reporters and assistant editors and sift through the events of the day to choose which ones will make the final cut as news. The same people are also called gatekeepers because they have the power to make sure that everything that goes into their newspaper, on their TV or on their web site becomes news.